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A sleep disorder (somnipathy) is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. A test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders is the polysomnography.

Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of issues, from teeth grinding (bruxism) to night terrors. When a person suffers from difficulty in sleeping with no obvious cause, it is referred to as insomnia.[1] In addition, sleep disorders may also cause sufferers to sleep excessively, a condition known as hypersomnia. Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions.

Minor Disorders

Advanced Sleep Phase Syndrome - sleeps and wakes too early; usually in aging adults

Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome - sleeps and wakes too late, usually in teens

Gastroesophageal Reflux - heartburn and regurgitation of stomach contents during sleep

Idiopathic Hypersomnia - extreme daytime sleepiness and extreme difficulty awakening from sleep and post-awakening confusion

Inadequate Sleep Hygiene - bad sleep habits that keep your sleep from being refreshing.

Jet Lag - disturbed sleep, decreased alertness and impaired daytime function due to time zone travel

Nightmares - frightening dreams that can be recalled

Nocturnal Enuresis - chronic bedwetting

Nocturnal Hyperphagia - eating while asleep

Panic Disorder - awakening with chest pain that brings on panic attacks

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder - limb movements while sleeping that disrupt sleep patterns

REM Behavior Disorder - acting out dreams with limb movements while asleep

Rhythmic Movement Disorder - repetitive, and sometime harmful, movements during sleep (headbanging, bodyrocking, headrolling, etc.)

Shiftwork Sleep Disorder - sleep problems occurring from change of sleep cycle

Sleep Hyperhidrosis - extreme sweating while asleep

Sleep Paralysis - inability to move upon awakening

Sleep Terrors - frightening dreams that can't be remembered

Somnambulism - walking/performing activities while asleep

Somniloquy - talking during sleep

Reference


Links

See also

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